By Dushiyanthini Kanagasabapathipilllai
Portrait of Thyagaraja decorated for the festival
“Without peace there can be no
happiness” said Saint Thyagaraja. All musicians and music lovers
gathered to pay tribute, and sing and play the Gems of Thyagaraja. Men and
women of all ages dressed gorgeously, and sat cross-legged on the ground. Five
Keerthanams are known as the “Panchrathna Keethnanam”. The “Pancha
Rathna Krithis” are sung during the Aradhana. They are Jagadananda of
Natai Ragam, Dudukugala of Gowla Ragam, Sadinchanae of Arabhi Ragam, Kanakana
Ruchira of Varali Ragam and Endharo Mahanu Bhavulu of Sri Ragam. The
Pancharatna Kritis of Thyagaraja are in praise of his beloved deity, God Rama
and are extremely skilful and beautiful musical compositions. They are all set
in Adi Thalam and each ragam represents the mood of the song and
the meaning of its lyrics. They are actually set in the style of a Ragam
Tanam Pallavi (RTP) with the charanams (stanzas) substituting for
the kalpana swaras (improvisatory passages) in the pallavi
section of the RTP.
Carnatic Music Festival to celebrate
the genius of Sri Thyagarajah was recently held at the New Kathiresan Halli in
Bambalapitty, which was organized by the Indian Cultural Centre in Colombo.
Thyagaraja Aradhana is a rare event to witness, and be a part of it, where many
musicians gathered and performed together.
Annual Sri Thyagaraja Aradhana
celebrations were recently held in Thiruvaiyaru. Musicians from all over the
state gathered, and sat before the Saint’s Samadhi on the banks of river
Kaveri, sang “Pancharatna Kritis”, and paid homage to him.
Saint Thyagaraja was born on 4th
May 1767 in Thiruvarur in Thanjavur district. He was born to a Telugu Brahmin
family as the third son of Ramabrahmam and Seethamma. His father’s was a story
teller. His family moved to Thiruvaiyaru soon after Saint Thyagaraja was born.
Saint Thyagaraja got married to Parvaty in 1784, when he was 17 years. His wife
Parvathy died in 1789, when he was 23 year. He married her sister Kamala in
1790, and got a daughter. Saint Thyagaraja named his daughter Seethalakshmi. It
is believed that on 6th January 1847 would be the day when he was
expected to embrace Mukthi. He attained Samadhi on “Pushya Bagula Panchami”
Saint Thygaraja was an eminent composer
in classical music, poet, and a philosopher. He was an extraordinary
personality born to teach humanity through music, and Rama Bhakthi. He saw Rama
as a chief, as a saviour of mankind, and as a Lord of whole universe. Saint
Thyagaraja praised him, cajoled him, taunted him, served him, and cried for
him. Saint Thyagaraja lived with God Rama every moment. The name Thyagaraja
means “Prince of Renunciation”.
He studied Sanskrit and astrology.
He was very well versed in his mother tongue Telugu. Saint Thyagaraja has
composed several Kritis. He made use of 200 ragas to compose different Kritis.
The “Divyanama Sankeerthanas”
and “Utsava Samprathaya Kritis” composed by him are melodies. He
composed 1,800 Kritis. He has created operas namely “Prahlada Bhakthi
Vijayam”, “Nowka Chittram” and “SitaRama Vijayam”. He
wrote most of the Kritis in Telugu, and the rest in Sanskrit.
"Mangala Isai" (auspicious music) to begin the festival
Little girls dressed up in traditional attire and sing along
Traditional musical instrumentalists beautifully play the "Keerthanas"
Traditional oil lamps are lit and fresh flowers are laid in front of the portrait of Thyagaraja
Audience at the event
Celebrating the Carnatic musical extravaganza
Little boys dressed up in traditional attire and play "Morching"
Famous Carnatic musical fiesta
Group songing is a trdition to pay homage to the Saint Thyagaraja by rendering his "Panchcharathna Keerthanams
", the five gems
Te choral rendition of five "Keerthanas
is an integral feature of the festival
Lovers of Carnatic music at Thyagaraja Aradhana
Many Carnatic musicians consider Saint Thyagaraja as their inspiration and source in their musical creativity and career
" is also known as "Thyagaraja Aradhanotsavam
Carnatic musicians enthrall everyone with Gems of Keerthanas
Enriching the true tradition of classical music
Saint Thyagaraja's compositions are rich in devotional and philosophical contents according to renowned musicians
Musicians in stage-appropriate attire
Vocalists and instrumentalists in celebration of Thyagaraja Aradhana
Festival from dusk to night